Phyllostachys

The genus Phyllostachys is the most widespread and varied.

The home of this genus is China, but it is also found in Japan, Vietnam, India and Nepal. The stems are usually straight, bending over at the tip in some species. Phyllostachys are very suitable as solitary plants because of their beautiful shape. Can be invasive in a sunny and warm climates.

Phyllostachys aurea

Fishpole Bamboo

This strong growing species has stout green culms turning soft yellow in strong light. From south east China

Phyllostachys aurea bamboo at trebah

Phyllostachys aurea ‘Holochrysa’

A very good form with reliable all-yellow culms even in a shaded location, but in full sun it develops into a rich yellow that contrasts well with the green leaves.

Phyllostachys aurea ‘Holochrysa’ bamboo at trebah

Phyllostachys aureosulcata

Yellow Groove Bamboo

From NE China, the culms have a tendency to zigzag on the lower nodes. The culms are green and the sulcus (the groove in the cane) are a distinctive yellow. A fast and reliable grower in almost any climate.

Phyllostachys aureosulcata bamboo at trebah

Phyllostachys bambusoides

Giant Timber Bamboo

From north east China. Although not native to Japan, this species is the most preferred bamboo for building and in the manufacture of furniture.

Phyllostachys bambusoides bamboo at trebah

Phyllostachys bambusoides ‘Violascens’

The culms are olive green, streaked with very light green then purple. An impressive bamboo, best planted against a dark background.

Phyllostachys bambusoides ‘Violascens’ bamboo at trebah

Phyllostachys edulis

Moso Bamboo

Can also be named Phyllostachys pubescens. Introduced by monks from China to Japan. It is the tallest growing and largest caned bamboo in Britain, up to 29cm in circumference and growing up to 30cm a day at Trebah.

In the Far East it is used for furniture making and drainage. The shoots are sweet flavoured and are commercially cultivated.

Phyllostachys edulis

Phyllostachys edulis ‘Bicolor’

Much prized and difficult to obtain. The culms are soft yellow randomly green-striped.

Phyllostachys edulis ‘Bicolor’ bamboo at trebah

Phyllostachys nigra

Black Bamboo

From east & central China. The first bamboo to be introduced into Europe in 1826. It is very popular in China and Japan as an ornamental species as well as in the West. Needs full sun to enhance the blackness of the canes and generally the lower branches are removed.

Phyllostachys nigra bamboo at trebah

Phyllostachys nigra ‘Boryana’

The light green culms develop large brown markings at the end of the first year and are similar to those on the skin of a leopard.

Phyllostachys nigra ‘Boryana’ bamboo at trebah

Phyllostachys sulphurea f. sulphurea

The light green culms develop large brown markings at the end of the first year and are similar to those on the skin of a leopard.

Phyllostachys sulphurea f. sulphurea bamboo at trebah

Phyllostachys vivax f. aureocaulis

Golden Chinese Timber Bamboo

A beautiful bamboo with tall upright, golden-yellow canes form east China.

Phyllostachys vivax f. aureocaulis bamboo at trebah